In 2009, a new official entered the ranks at the White House: U.S. Chief Technology Officer. Officially an assistant to the president, the role has seen its responsibilities evolve over time, from fixing HealthCare.gov
to offering policy advice. Megan Smith, a Google alum who once built and raced a solar car across Australia, came on board last year as the country’s CTO. One of her leading priorities, according to a spokesperson, is connectivity, and increasing schoolkids' access to high-speed Internet.